This time of year there is much discussion about parasites and deworming. Frequent questions include: What product should be used? How often should my horse be dewormed? And why are fecal egg counts important? I hope the below summary can answer some of these questions for you and open your eyes to the modern deworming methods.
What are the goals of strategic deworming?
To control clinical parasitism and environmental contamination
To determine if parasites on the farm are resistant to any of the deworming products we plan to use
To prevent the development of parasite resistance to current deworming products
The goal of deworming is not to eradicate all parasites but to treat clinical problems related to parasites, control environmental contamination and treat each horse with a deworming protocol appropriate for them.
Why should we practice strategic deworming?
Each horse is an individual and they should be dewormed as such!
Historical theories on deworming were that more is better, but this in fact, is not the case! We have learned that deworming every 8 weeks is far more frequent than is necessary to control an individual horse’s parasite burden. Frequent deworming such as this has led to drug resistant parasites in many regions of the country, limiting our arsenal of effective dewormers.
How do we practice strategic deworming?
To determine how often your horse needs to be dewormed, and which deworming products should be used, we recommend performing fecal egg counts. A fecal egg count involves a microscopic examination of your horse’s manure, to look for and quantify the number of parasite eggs your horse is shedding. Horses can develop a level of natural immunity to parasites throughout their life via exposure however, this level of immunity can be affected by many things including stress, pregnancy, performance levels, aging, illness and PPID (‘Equine Cushing’s’). As this level of imm